Patriotic Education and Cultural Heritage Policy in China
This study aims to explore the roles of the labor unions in Korea and in Taiwan in establishing and reforming the national pension systems. The findings based on the examinations through three temporal stages – under the uthoritarian regime, democratic transition, and developed democracy - show that although the roles of labor unions were trivial under the authoritarian regime in both countries, their contribution to the expansion of social policies, ncluding the national pension system, got greater since the democratization in 1980s. However, since the late 1990s, the roles of labor unions and the strategies they adopt show a divergence: while the labor union in Korea, which could not find a political channel, stuck to the militant strategy, the labor union in Taiwan successfully established a political alignment. The results suggest that the labor union in Korea may have a limitation as a political actor in the development of welfare state considering their restricted role in establishing and reforming the national pension system, while the labor movement in Taiwan demonstrates a potential of a more active role in the development of welfare state.
주제어 : 애국주의, 애국주의교육, 민족주의, 반민족주의, 문화유산정책
* 서울디지털대학교 정치행정학과 조교수(E-mail: email@example.com) 중국의 애국주의교육과 문화유산정책 정준호*