연구원 소개 논문기고 학술정보 자료실 알림마당 위원회
송도논집 논문자료 콜로키움 논문자료 학술 논문자료 학술대회
2013-05-09 (목) 14:32
송도논집_1권_143-159.pdf
Labor movement and welfare state in East Asian countries (송도논집 1권, 143-159)
                               Labor Movement and Welfare State in East Asian Countries
  - The Roles in Establishing and Reforming the National Pension Systems in Korea and in Taiwan –


                                                                                                                                          JUNG Sun Young*
 
    This study aims to explore the roles of the labor unions in Korea and in Taiwan in establishing and reforming the national pension systems. The findings based on the examinations through three temporal stages – under the authoritarian regime, democratic transition, and developed democracy - show that although the roles of labor unions were trivial under the authoritarian regime in both countries, their contribution to the expansion of social policies, including the national pension system, got greater since the democratization in 1980s. However, since the late 1990s, the roles of labor unions and the strategies they adopt show a divergence: while the labor union in Korea, which could not find a political channel, stuck to the militant strategy, the labor union in Taiwan successfully established a political alignment. The results suggest that the labor union in Korea may have a limitation as a political actor in the development of welfare state considering their restricted role in establishing and reforming the national pension system, while the labor movement in Taiwan demonstrates a potential of a more active role in the development of welfare state.
 
Key-words : welfare state, labor union, East Asian countries, national pension system
 
* Department of Social Welfare, University of Incheon (E-mail: sunyjung@incheon.ac.kr)
 
Education Policy Using Cultural Heritage in China (송도논집 2권, 5-32)
Role of Panchayati Raj in Disaster Management (송도논집 1권, 123-142)