Fauzia Ghani*. Sadia Mushtaq**
Leaders are inevitable for the growth and development of any polity. Their dynamic role can determine the fate of the society in context of politico-economic changes in positive manners. Leader in any society can emerge naturally or situationally depending on the political culture which a society possesses. It is generally agreed notion that qualified leaders are rare and when it comes to woman leadership the fact becomes more authentic as women leadership is not experienced by many states. There is hardly any state which has the women leadership as a routine. No matter, women have been playing a decisive role in all walks of life; however it is evident that their participation in political matters and affairs as a leader is limited. When it comes to the case of South Asian politics, the women leadership is marginalized either due to their own training or because of political culture where male chauvinism is unavoidable. Viewing from the perspective of South Asian States particularly India and Pakistan, the fact cannot be ignored that the production of women leadership is not a regular feature of their politics. Rather they succeeded their fathers i-e, Benazir Bhutto and Indira Gandhi. Both women although had dynamic qualities to lead, could not successful in achieving the desired results. Their role in politics remained subject to the condition of political issues and pressures.
Key-words: Leadership, Charismatic leadership, Male chauvinism, Situational theory, Behavioral theory, Participative theory, Management theory, Relationship theory, Islamic socialism