A Study on the Essence and Prospect of Human Rights in North Korea
During the last decades, each of South and North Koreas where have been system competition and ideology conflicts has developed its own history and history education. On November 19, 2015, the South Korean government cosponsored a United Nations General Assembly resolution condemning grave human rights violations in North Korea, which received support from 112 states. After the summit between Park and United States President Barack Obama on October 16, both leaders jointly agreed to "improve the human rights situation in North Korea and ensure accountability for human rights violations, as well as to improve the livelihood of the people in North Korea."
For years, Pyongyang benefitted from the world’s complacency regarding its atrocious human rights record. Its status as a hermit kingdom was at times parodied, but never really challenged. Torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, public executions, extrajudicial and arbitrary detention, the absence of due process and the rule of law, imposition of the death penalty for political reasons, the existence of a large number of prison camps and the extensive use of forced labour. Continued violation of the human rights and fundamental freedoms of women, in particular the trafficking of women for prostitution or forced marriage, ethnically motivated forced abortions, including by labour-inducing injection or natural delivery, as well as infanticide of children of repatriated mothers, including in police detention centres and labour training camps.
Key-words: human rights problems of North korea