A Study on the Environment and Political Situation around the Korean Peninsula
by Kang Seok-Seung(Research Fellow, Incheon Univ)
After Park Geun-hye was elected, North Korea conducted its third nuclear test 12 February 2013, nullified the non-aggression agreements between the two Koreas 8 March and withdrew North Korean workers from the Kaesong Industrial Complex 8 April. Park maintained her stance that South Korea will not succumb to the North's provocations and threats, and will endeavor to elicit policy coordination towards North Korea with major powers such as the United States, China and the UN.
President Park Geun-hye proposed three steps to North Korea to help move toward the reunification of the Korean Peninsula, on March 28 in Dresden during her state visit to Germany. And marking the Korean Peninsula`s liberation from Japan`s colonial rule Friday(8.15), President Park said, as anguish from the two Koreas` separation passes from one generation to the next, abnormalities on the divided peninsula have become the norm.
After taking office, Park met with John Kerry and US President Barack Obama. The two leaders of South Korea and the United States agreed to adopt a joint statement on comprehensive energy cooperation to build a foundation for a future growth engine and establish a policy cooperation committee on information and communication technology. On 27–-30 June 2013, Park visited China with a South Korean delegation, where she met with Xi Jinping, the Chinese president. During the meetings, Park explained the government's stance on North Korea and gained his support. On 13 November 2013, Park held an extended summit with President Vladimir Putin, whose visit to South Korea was the first among leaders of 4 major powers including the United States, China, and Japan.
Key-words: political situation around the korean peninsula, the environment, US President Barack Obama, Xi Jinping, President Vladimir Putin