Sanjay Sharma *
Federalism is a non-hierarchical, non-centralized, model of governance. It accommodates people belonging to different regions, religions, races and culture. Disaster management is articulation and planned utilization of resources to deal with natural or manmade emergencies. At the national level disaster management requires concerted effort and coordinated action among different levels of government. It is not the sole responsibility of any one level of government, but of all. As disaster management has inter-regional and transnational ramifications, there is an urgent need for federal management and sharing of responsibilities. It is in this context that federal system of governance assumes critical resilience in addressing to the question of disaster management. Canada is the second largest country of the world. It has faced many natural as well as manmade disasters. By virtue of being a federal state the disaster management has to be located in between federal and provincial governments. Quantitative and qualitative research tools are applied in the paper to analyze federal governance of disaster in Canada. Qualitatively, federal and provincial policies, acts, program have been thoroughly analyzed. On the other hand, quantitative tools are applied to analyze disaster financing in Canada. Besides, a deconstructivist approach has been applied to explore disaster management from an unexplored perspective of federalism.
Key-words: Disaster management, Canada, Federal governance, Emergency Management Act 2007, National Disaster Mitigation Strategy, National Disaster Mitigation Program, and Disaster Financing.